The first thing you should do before hamster breeding is to develop a plan about what to do with the hamsters in the litter. Do you have good homes for all of them? This is essential, because with a hamster, breeding can produce as many as eighteen babies (called pups). And, depending on the type of hamster, each hamster needs its own cage. Except for certain dwarf breeds, adult hamsters placed in the same cage will kill one another, even if related.
If you are about to start hamster breeding to make money, think again. Most pet shops will not buy from a home breeder and selling them individually on your own will not produce enough money to make a profit. Most people who start hamster breeding do so because they love hamsters more than anything else in the world, and breeding provides a way to spend more time with the hamsters, and produce pups with certain characteristics, such as friendliness, size, or color. If you are going to keep the hamster pups, make sure you have enough cages and essential supplies. Hamsters need to be separated after they have been weaned.
Hamsters can reproduce quite quickly
Hamsters can reproduce quite quickly. For instance, a Syrian hamster can have a litter when she is 4-5 weeks old, but this is too young. You must wait and breed her when she is two to three months old. Not only that, once a female Syrian has reached puberty, she will continue to go into heat every four days. The gestation period is only 16-18 days, and within twenty-four hours of giving birth, the female can get pregnant again. With up to eighteen hamster pups in a little, the number of hamsters can get out of control quite quickly.
Because hamsters like to live alone, and female hamsters are even more territorial than male ones, the male and female to be bred can only be introduced when she is ready to mate. If she is not ready to mate, she will start to fight with the male, trying first to throw him onto his back. If this happens, separate them immediately and try again another day. When she is ready to mate, the female hamster will allow the male to sniff her and sniff back. She will then stand with her hind legs braced and her tail and ears erect, and allow the male to mate with her.
Syrian hamsters must be separated again once mating has been completed. Left together, the female will probably to kill the male. It is not uncommon for the female to eat some of the pups, but this is a natural thing that happens because she thinks there are too many pups for her to handle.
Breeding is much easier with the Russian Dwarf hamsters. Both same and different sexes can live together in the same cages and breed naturally whenever the time is right. The male dwarf even helps take care of the pups. The problem with hamster breeding among dwarfs is that the female still becom
es ready to breed 24 hours after giving birth. Even though the litters are smaller, one to four at a time, you can still have a lot more hamsters than you want in a very short time.